Decoding RC4 Strings

Discussion on reverse-engineering and debugging.
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Posts: 5
Joined: Fri Apr 08, 2011 1:53 am

Wed Jun 04, 2014 5:10 pm

Hello everyone,

I am new to reverse engineering and am slowly learning the ropes. Lately I have been attempting to reverse some zeus binaries I've found on some computers at work and have had trouble getting the RC4 key. I found the following articles very helpful and thought I might share them with you: ... g-and.html ... -zeus.html
Posts: 11
Joined: Fri Jul 18, 2014 9:15 am

Fri Jul 18, 2014 5:17 pm

If you're focusing on Zeus (or its variants like Citadel), I strongly recommend you to dig into the Volatility plugins that have been made to dump part of their configuration (including their RC4 keys).

Here are some useful links:

Volatility plugin
Volatility 2.0 Plugin Vscan
(Very early version of the plugin, great detail about inner workings)
Abstract Memory Analysis: Zeus Encryption Keys
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